Game is for recreation, Game is for Health and fitness. Badminton is one of a popular game. So lets we know about Badminton. I have writ this article only for kids. So I shall discuses about Badminton for kids.
The game of Badminton was first introduced at Poona in India in 1970. The game was not popular before transfer it from India to England by the English Solders. The Duke of Bewford was very interested for this game and the name of badminton is originated according his village name. This game was first played in own house of Duke of Bewford in Gluchestershire. In 1934 International Badminton Federation was formed at Shilton in England. Asian badminton Federation was formed in 1959. The game of Badminton was included in Asian games in 1966. Bangladesh Badminton Federation was organized in 1971. It is a popular game in Bangladesh. The people of all ages of the villages and towns played this game.
Rules of badminton:
1. Playing court: The game of badminton is played two types of court- (a) Single court (b) Double courts.
2. Single court: The single court 44 feet (13.4 meter) in length and 17 feet (5.06 meter) in breadth.
3. Double court: The double court 44 feet (13.4 meter) in length 20 feet (6.10 m) in breadth.
4. Marking of the court: All lines will be yellow and white colour and 40 mm. in width.
5. Post: The height of the post from floor to top is 5 feet 1 inches or 1.55 meter. The post will be on the line or little distance from the court.
6. Net: The height of the net in the middle will be 5 feet (1.52 meter), towards the post will be 5 feet 1 inches (1.55 meter). Width of the net is 21/2 feet.
7. Shuttle cork: Weight of the shuttle cork not less 4.74 gram or not more than 5.50 gram.Within the shuttle cork feathers will be 14 to 16 number.
8. Single play: While one player is participated in each side in a games this is called single play.
9. Double play: While each side two player to participate in a game that is called double play.
10. Toss : Winner of toss- (a) Winner will choose either service or receive. (b) Opponent player will choose remaining option court /receive. 11. Officials : For conducting the game there are one referee, one umpire, one Scorer, two or four line judges.
12. Game : The single and double games are completed by 21 points. In 21 points game if it is drawn by 20-20 all, the game will be completed 20-22, 23-25 points i.e. must have two point difference. When both team’s points are equal, it is called deuce. Keep in mind the game must be completed maximum 30 points. When a team will win the two game out of three, he or team will be winner.
13. At the time of single game the player will serve from right court when the point zero or even number, if the number is an odd the service will be left court. After scoring a point the service and receive court players will change the court.
14. At the time of double games the service shall be made from right hand court to diagonally opposite. Who will stand in opposite court only he will receive the service. Without point no player will serve consecutively. The winner of the first game will serve at the beginning of second game.
15. The two legs of server will contact on the court at the time of service.
16. While servicing the shuttle cork touches the net but reaches the right court the services is considered to be correct. 17. The shuttle cork touches the line it will be considered right.
18. No one can shot the shuttle cork crossing the net and during the game no one can touch the net or post with the racked or any part of the body.
Tactics : To acquire the skill of badminton one must have flexibility of hand and wrist and good foot work. The basic tactics of badminton are-
1. Gripping the racket
4. Fore hand stroke
5. Back hand stroke
6. Over head stroke
7. Net stroke
1. Gripping: The game of badminton depends mainly on gripping the racket properly. So, one must keep in mind that he must learn the gripping of racket correctly. One must hold the head of the racket with left hand and keep it erect on the ground. Now turn the palm on the right hand down and spread out the thumb and fore finger at the end of the grip and make it look like English letter “V” then grip the racket. Acquiring the good gripping will help playing good game.
2. Foot work: Badminton is a very fast game. So foot work should be very fast.Naturally it is necessary to adapt oneself to the need of the situation very quickly. The necessity of foot work is the most important in this case. In a fast game if the foot work is not proper, the shuttle cork can not be sent to the right place or cannot be shot back. Good footwork helps one to reach the shuttle cork very fast and send it back to the opponent court according to choice.
3. Service: A player sends the shuttle cork to the opponent court at the start and the beginning of every point according to the rules of the game. This is called service.The shuttle cork is brought into play through this service. Through service the cork is to be sent to such a place of the opponent court that the opponent players find it difficult to return. During service keep the two legs with a gap and stand placing left leg before the right a little forward. Keep the body weight on the back foot. Hold the shuttle cork with your left hand and strike the cork on the back to send it to the opponent court after dropping it. At the moment bring the racket from behind with your right hand. As soon as the contact between the shuttle cork and the racket is made the body weight will be shifted to the left foot. There are two types of service. Short service and long service. In short service the cork is sent to the opponent court near the net and in long service, the cork is sent to the back side of the court.
4. Forehand stroke: Keeping the palm forward, the right hand player sends the shuttle cork to the right and the left hand player to the left. This is called forehand stroke. Holding the racket properly and keeping the shoulder towards the net stand with your left leg forward. Coming behind the shuttle cork and bringing the racket behind your shoulder strike the shuttle cork.
5. Back hand stroke: Holding the racket properly, keeping the palm backward and taking the right shoulder towards the net strike the shuttle cork. This is called back hand stroke.
6. Overhead stroke: This stroke is generally made for smashing. Both forehand and backhand may be used to make this stroke. Come below the shuttle cork, jump up and strike the cork from above by raising your racket as much high as possible.
7. Net stroke: This stroke is used when the cork falls near the net of the opponent court. Net stroke requires very skillful hand, i.e., it requires highest control of the band to drop the cork near the net. A lot of practice is necessary for mastering this skill. Footwork must be very good to go near the shuttle cork in net stroke.
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