The third Khalifah of the Muslim world was Hazrat Uthman (R.). He was born in 576 C.E. in the Umayyah clan of the Quraish tribe of Makkah. From his childhood he had been extremely polite, gentle & bashful. In arts & letters also he was unique. The holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Sm.) got two of his daughters, Ruqayyah & Umme Kulsum (after the death of one daughter) married to him. For this he is also called Zun Nurayin (Owner of two Nurs).
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Hazrat Uthman (R.)
Hazrat Uthman embraced Islam at the age of 34. His uncle Hakam subjected him to various tortures due to this. He bore all the persecutions. When the tortures by his kins had become intolerable he migrated to Abysinia with his wife Ruqaiyyah, daughter of holy Prophet (S.).
SERVICE TO ISLAM OF HAZRAT UTHMAN
Hazrat Uthman (R.) was a Leading rich man in Arabia. He acquired these riches by trade. On account of this he was also called Ghani (rich). After accepting islam, he would spend his wealth ungrudgingly in the service of Islam. He had bought a well for 18,000 (eighteen thousand) dinars (gold coin) & as charity endowed it (Waqf) for removing the sufferings of the inhabitants of Madinah. lie distributed food as relief among the inmates of Madinab when famine had broken out there.
To extend the Masjid-i-Nababi as there was scarcity of accommodation, he purchased the land adjacent to the mosque and managed its extension. He took upon himself the burden of expenditure of (10,000) ten thousand soldiers, just one third of the total of (30,000) thirty thousand deployed for the Battle of Tabuk. Moreover he alone had donated 1000 camels in order to strengthen the forces of this battle undertaken against the Roman rival forces. Besides these, he had also contributed seven horses & 1000 dinars to the personal fund of the holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Sm.).
Hazrat Uthman (R.) had profusely donated his wealth to the path of Allah (Islam) as lavishly Allah the Most Gracious had bestowed upon him. In this respect he is a model for all rich people of all ages.
COMPILATION OF AL-QURAN
Arabs of different regions used to recite Al-Quran in their respective dialects. 1)uring Hazrat Uthman’s (R.) khilafat, the Muslim empire saw further expansion. Due to this there arose among the Muslims much confusion on the issue of recitation of Al-Quran. Consequently there arose the apprehension of dignity among the Muslims. Hazrat Uthman adopted a quick measure realizing the gravity of this situation. He sent for the written copy of AL-Quran that Lay in the custody of Hazrat Hafsa (R.), Urnmul Muminin. He had a committee formed with Hazrat Zayid Ibn Thabit (R.) as its chief. The other members of the Committee were
Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Zubayr (R.), Hazrat Sayiclbn Al-Aas (R.) & Hazrat Abdur Rahman Ibn Harith Ibn Hisham (R.). In the 30 Hijri year corresponding to 651 C.E. further seven copies were reproduced in the light of the copy at Hazrat Hafsa’s (R.) custody and thereafter had them sent to various administrative headquarters of the empire for popular use. This standard copy of Al-Quran is called the ‘Mashaf-i-Uthman’. As a result Quranic recitation in a single &uniform style was introduced globally. For this unique act Hazrat Uthman had been further styled as Jamiul Quran’ (Gatherer, collector, compiler of Al-Quran). The correct copies of Al-Quran are reproductions of the Mashafi-Uthmani.